BSc VI Semester

BSC Chemistry CHT – 611 – ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Error’s and Evaluations:

Accuracy, an precision, errors – classification of errors, determinate and inderminate errors absolute and relative errors, significant figures, standard deviation, volatile deviation, methods for reporting analytical data.

Principles of Gravimetric Analysis

Condition of precipitation, co-pricipitation, post-pricipitation, ageing factors which affect the gravimetric precipitation, whatman filter paper, type of crucibles, general precautions, involved in gravimetric analysis.

CHT- 612 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Alkaloids:

Introduction, classification with examples, Hofmann exhaustive methylation, synthesis and elucidation of structure of Nicotine. Structure formula and uses of Quinine and Atropine.

Terpenea:

Occurrence, classification, Isoprene rule, isolation of terpenes, synthesis and elucidation of structure of Citral. Structural formula and uses of menthol, a-pinene and camphor.

Bio-organic chemistry

Enzymes:- Classification, characteristic properties of enzymes, mechanism of enzymatic action (Lock and Key theory and template hypothesis) Factors affecting the rate of enzyme catalysis, co-enzymes.

Hormones:– introduction, classification with examples. Hormone secreting glands/synthesis and importance of Adrenaline and thyroxin. Biological importance of insulin and oxytocin.

Vitamins:– introduction, classification with examples, synthesis of vitamin C Biological importance of vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, C and D.

Biochemistry:

Peptides and proteins. Peptides – classification, peptide linkage. Synthesis of a dipeptide              ( Glycylalanine). Proteins-Classification of proteins on composition and molecular shape. Primary and secondary structures of proteins.

CHT- 613 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

Spectroscopy:

Electro magnetic radiations, regions of the spectrum. Basic features of different spectrometers, statement of Born-Oppenheimer approximation, degree of freedom.

Rotational spectrum:- Diatomic molecule, energy levels of a rigid rotator (semi-classical principle) spacing of spectral lines, selection rule, spectral intensity-distribution using population distribution (Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution), determination of bond length, qualitative description of non-rigid rotator, isotopic effect problems.

 

Vibrational spectrum:- IR spectrum:- Energy levels of simple harmonic oscillator, selection rule, pure vibrational spectrum, intensity, determination of force constant, qualitative relation of force constant and bond energy, effect of anhomonic motion and isotope on the spectrum. Ideal of vibrational frequencies of different functional groups Problems.

Raman spectrum:- Concept of polarizability, pure rotational and pure vibrational raman spectra of diatomic molecules, selection rule.

Radiation Chemistry:-

Radiations introduction, units of radiation, radiolysis of water, dosimeters-Friche dosimeter and Ceric sulphate dosimeter.

CHP-614 – LABORATORY COURSE-4

Inorganic Gravimetric estimations:                                               

  1. Estimation of Iron as ferrc oxide in ferrous ammonium sulphate solution
  2. Estimation of barium as Barium sulphate in Barium chloride solution
  3. Estimation of sulphate as barium sulphate in ammonium sulphate solution
  4. Estimation of nickel dimethyl glyoximate in nickl sulphate solution
  5. Estimation of Magnesium as oxinate in magnesium sulphate solution
  6. Estimation copper as cuprous thiocyanate in copper sulphate solution.

 

Organic Preparations:

  1. Preparation of Acetanilide from aniline
  2. Preparation of P-Bromoacetanilide from Acetanilide
  3. Preparation of iodoform from acetone
  4. Preparation of Benzoin from benzaldehyde
  5. Preparation of m-dinitrobenzene from nitrobenzene
  6. Preparation of p-nitro acetanilide acetanilide
  7. Preparation of Benzoic acid from Benzyl chloride
  8. Preparation of 2, 4, 6, tribromoaniline from aniline.

 

Note: – The Gravimetric estimations are to be given in the examinations

PAPER- II

CHT- 621 – INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY

Cement

Introduction, definition, raw materials, manufacture of cement by process mechanism of setting of cement. R.C.C., Types of cement and uses.

Glass                                                                                                            

Definition, raw materials, manufacture of glass by pot furnace, types of glasses, glass industries in India

Introduction, requirement of paints, constituents of paints, formulation of paints, failure of paints films (reasons), emulsion paints, manufacture of white lead using Dutch process and uses.

CHT – 622 – ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Food Analysis:

Reasons for analyzing food. Analysis of moisture of food materials such as vegetable oils, spices and condiments, butter and ghee. Analysis of ash in spieces and honey. Analysis of crude fibres in spices. Analysis of crude protein (casein content in milk) Food adulteration. Common adulterants in food, Contamination of food stuffs. Common micro organization of food stuffs. Pesticide analysis in food products (High performance liquid chromatography for phosphate substituted organic pesticides and thin layer chromatography for chlorinate pesticides).

Fuel Analysis: 04 hrs

Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels with examples (primary and secondary fuels-examples only). Calorific value of a fuel and its units. Proximate analysis of coal (moisture, ash, volatile carbonaceous matter and fixed carbon) proximate analysis of coal ( carbon and hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphure, ash and oxygen). Grading of coal.

Meaning and significance of Aniline point and Flash point of liquid fuels. Octane number of liquid fuels. Advantages of gaseous fuels. Produces gas composition and production.

Pharmaceutical chemistry: 04 hrs

Definition and types of drugs. Chemotheraphy. Synthesis and uses of Aspirin, paracetmol and sulphanilnmide. Antibiotics-definition, examples and importance synthesis of Antipyrime, Sulphathiazole and chloramines-T. Pesticides-types with examples synthesis and uses of gammaxane.

CHT- 623 – PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

Electromotive force: 13 hrs

Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, reversible and irreversible cells. Types of reversible electrodes, metal-metal ion electrode, metal-metal insoluble electrode, amalgam electrode, gas electrode and redox electrode. Electrode reaction in Daniel cell convention of electrode potential (reduction potential, is to be adopted) Emf of the cell and its measurement. Standard electrode potential, Nernst equation for electrode potential ( to be derived) Reference electrodes – calome electrode, Weston standard cell, polarization, over voltage and Hydrogen over voltage. Problems on the electrode potential and Emf of the cell.

Concentration cells – with and without transference, liquid junction potential aslt bridge.

Application of Emf measurements-

  1. Determination of PH of a solution using quinhydrom and glass electrode.
  2. Potentiometric titrations – Acid – base and redox titrations.

Electrochemical energy sources: 03 hrs

Primary cell (Dry cell) Secondary cell (lead storage cell and Nickel-cadmium cell) Fuel cells, construction and working of hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell and its importance.

CHP-624 – LABORATORY COURSE-4

  1. Determination of degree of dissociation of weak electrolyte.
  2. Determination of dissociation constant (Ka) of weak electrolyte.
  3. Determination of equivalent conductance at infinite dilution of strong electrolyte
  4. Determination of solubility and solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt (say BaSO4, AgCI, AgBr) by conductance method.
  5. Determination the amount of Iron in FeCI3 solution and verify the Beer-Lamber’s law
  6. Determination the Ph of a given solution by using Glass electrode or quinhydron electrode
  7. Determination the percentage composition of liquid mixture (carbon tetrachloride and benzene by formula method using Abbe refractometer.
  8. Determine the percentage composition of liquid mixture (carbon tetrachloride and benzene) by graphical method using Abbe refractometer.
  9. Determine the percentage of cane sugar or tartaric acid solution using polarimeter.

 

LIST OF BOOKS

  1. College chemistry. B H Mahhajan
  2. Text book of Inorganic chemistry. Puri and Sharma
  3. Progressive inorganic chemistry. Suratkar, Thatte and Pandit
  4. Selected topics in inorganic chemistry. Satyaprakash,
  5. Chemistry of rare earth elements. Satyaprakash
  6. Advanced inorganic chemistry. P.L Soni
  7. A text book of inoraganic chemistry. Puri Sharma and jauhor
  8. Industrial chemistry. B. K. Sharma
  9. Industrial chemistry. M.M. Uppal
  10. Analytical chemistry. Alka and Gupta
  11. New concise inorganic chemistry. J.D.Lee
  12. Principles of inoraganic chemistry. Puri, Sharma and Kaliya
  13. Inorganic chemistry. Chopra and Kapoor
  14. Text book of polymers. F.W. Bill, Mayor and J.R.Wiley
  15. Analytical chemistry. G.D. Christian and J. Wiley
  16. Analytical chemistry. Kopkar
  17. Text book of organic chemistry. Arun Bahl and B.S.Bahl
  18. Advanced organic chemistry. Arun Bahl and B.S.Bahl
  19. Reaction mechanism and Reagents in organic chemistry. Gurdeep.R.Chatwal
  20. Organic chemistry- vol-I, vol-II, vol-III Mukhergi, Sing and Kapoor
  21. Text book of organic chemistry. K.S.Tiwar, N.K.Vishnoi
  22. Organic chemistry. Morrison and Boyd
  23. Organic chemistry. L.G.Wade
  24. Organic chemistry. Vol-I, and vol-II I.L.Finar
  25. Analytical chemistry. B.K.Sharma
  26. Principles of physical chemistry. Puri and Sharma
  27. Physical chemistry. Negi and Anand
  28. Physical chemistry. B.S.Bahl and G.D. Tuli
  29. Glasston
  30. Chemical kinetics. Laidler
  31. Physical chemistry. Prutto and Maron
  32. Physical chemistry. Glasston
  33. Physical chemistry. R.P. Verma
  34. Physical chemistry. Kund and Jain
  35. Molecular spectroscopy. S. Banwall
  36. Physical chemistry. G.M.Barrow 5thedition
  37. Molecular spectroscopy. H.Kour
  38. Physical chemistry.W.J.Moore.

BSc Computer Science

Unit I: 3D Graphics Pipeline: 3D coordinates: homogeneous coordinate system.

Graphical Object representations: surface modeling, Vertices, polygons, Objects local coordinate world representations: putting object into the virtual world, world coordinate, transforms (translation, scaling and mirroring rotation)

 

Unit II: View point: view coordinate system, visibility of objects.

Projection: device coordinate system , view frustum, clipping, perspective projection, orthogonal projection

Rasterization: screen coordinate system, scan-conversion, view-port translation

 

Unit III: Attributes of Object Models: Color, shading, texturing; Lighting sources and reflection models shading models: flat shading, smooth shading, Phong shading Transparency: color blending

Texture mapping: texture image, texels, multi-level texturing; Visibility; back-culling, hidden

surface removal, Painter’s algorithm, z-buffer

 

Unit IV: Introduction to animation principles, Animation tools in 3D, “Applying classical 2D

animation techniques i.e; Stretch squash for 3D character”.

Creating the illusion of weight, Overview of maya’s playback controls, exploring maya’s animation preferences.

 

Unit V: Details about graph editor, Bouncing Ball Exercise, Animating object along a motion path. Utilizing the trax editor to blend animation clips.

Controlling attributes with set driven keys, Animating with constraints, Previewing animations in real-time with play blasts.

Introduction to scene animation and key framing, introduction to dope sheet.

 

References:

  1. Foley etal , “Computer Graphics: Principles and Practices” 2ndEdition, Addison Wesley
  2. Alan Watt, “3D Computer Graphics”, Third Edition, Addison Wesley
  3. Cooley, “The Essence of Computer Graphics”, Pearson Education
  4. Steve Roberts, Character animation in 3D, Focal press

PRACTICAL- VII: 3D Animation Lab- I

Animation exercises on following principles using 3D Max/Maya/etc:

Section I:         Modeling objects by using loft/lathe/extrude etc.

                        Creating or animation objects by using deformers

                        Creating various textures by using material editor

                        Creating text animation

                        Creating camera animation

                        Creating an effect of snow or rain or smoke or water

                        Creating wave effect/ripple or adding gravity to text

                        Creating an effect of bomb/explosion

                        Fantasy characters and historical characters

Section II:        ZBrush 2 features, tools in ZBrush

                        Polygon modeling, Nurbs modeling

                        Modeling Props and sets (Locations)

                        Modeling a high poly model

                        Modeling with Z-brush with maya

CA602: Basics of Script Writing and Film Making

Unit I: Story, elements of story, expansion, dialogues interaction through dialogue, script and its elements, theme, genre of script. Basic of script writing, basic building block.

The three act structure, beginning, middle and end. Script writing formats, physical format, Dialogue and description imagery, character, Plot.

 

Unit II: Modern ways to write Script, Quick methods to produce fast scrip, Writing scripts, advantage of script writing with softwares. Story boarding

Script writing for cartoon movies and its storyboard, Script for dramatic and emotional story and its storyboard.

Script for mythological movie and its story board, Script writing for comedy movie and its storyboard

Film Making

 

Unit III: Overview of writing for different mediums i.e TV, radio, newspaper and other performing art formats. Developments of story: Theory of projection of conflict, Presentation of plot, characterization-case studies with successful writers, Direction: The thought process of a director.

The director’s approach to text analysis and articulation of ideas.

Techniques of set composition, Blocking and movements, Time management, rehearsal schedules, Staging, Scene work, Writing the script, director roles & procedures.

Working with a script/screen play, Using currently available digital software/ hardware tools

 

Unit IV: Overview of preproduction planning program ideas, Production models: Preproduction & post production activities. Writing the program proposal, Preparing a budget, presenting the proposal, mix and composite, source material into a finished fine edit product. Directing and analyzing a film, Animation film techniques,  Film language in action”. Adaption of film languages into animation, Student project-Character designs, overview.

Camera: Medium of camera and different kinds of camera shots, camera angles, movement of the camera pans, Tilts, Truck in and Truck outs, Dramatic effects, Shots and scenes, Visual language and readability: Layout and design, Focus on the design of the film. Design and rendering the scenes layout and composition, Scene planning, Realistic touches.

 

Unit V: Character interaction with the scene and the backgrounds, Analyze film layouts, Design and layouts, Clean up of backgrounds and background painting, Sound: Visualization & sequencing, shooting, aesthetics of editing, role of audio & effects. Sound effects and effects for the film, the sound track, sound equipment and theory, Dialogue and Voice over, Sound FX and music.

 

References:

  1. Michael Straszynski, The Complete Book of Script writing
  2. D White V. Swain and Joye R. Swain, Film Scriptwriting – A practical Mannual
  3. Syd Field, Screenplay: Foundation of Screenplay By
  4. Steve Katz, Film Directing Shot by Shot: Visualizing from Concept to Screen, Michael Wiese Productions.
  5. Jacqueline B Frost, Cinematography for Directors: A Guide for Creative Collaboration, Michael Wiese Production.
  6. Jennifer Van Sijll, Cinematic Story telling: The 100 Most Powerful Film Conventions Every Filmmaker Must Know, Mechael Wiese Productions.
  7. Siegfried Kracauer, Theory of Film

PRACTICAL- VIII: Project Work

Making an architectural walkthrough with 2D/3D Max/Maya/etc.

Students may either work in 2D, 3D or Gaming. According to their inclination prerequisites with consent of the course teacher. They may work in any medium appropriate to their experience and resources. Students shall produce projects as experiments in concepts.

The Project Work shall be carried out in a group of not more than two students under the supervision of course teacher. They are required to submit the desertion of the work carried out at the end of the semester. The examination shall comprise of demo of the project, viva-voce and documentation.

Question Paper Pattern

Theory Examination:

            The theory paper shall consist of two sections, namely, section-A and section-B. Each section consists of four questions, each of marks 16. The students are required to answer any five questions choosing at least two questions from each section.

Practical Examination:

  1. Execution of the assignment : 30 marks
  2. Viva-voce : 05 marks
  3. Journal : 05 marks

For Project work

  1. Software demo : 20 marks
  2. Viva-voce : 10 marks
  3. Documentation : 10 marks

BSc PHYSICS

PAPER PAPER 6.1: NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND SOLID STATE PHYSICS:

NUCLEAR PHYSIC

Properties of Nuclear 06 hrs

Elementary ideas on nucleus, Binding Energy of nucleus, properties of nuclear forces, YUKAWA theory (qualitative). Nuclear models-Liquid drop and Shell models (in details).magic numbers.

Radio activity 08 hrs

Radioactive disintegration: Law of successive disintegration, transient and secular equilibrium. Alpha decay: Range of alpha particles-Braggs method. Geiger Nuttal law, Gammow’s  theory of alpha decay, Beta decay: Pauli’s neutrino hypothesis, Femi theory of  beta decay (qualitative). Gamma rays: Attenuation of gamma rays, application of nuclear  radiations; Industrial, medical and agriculture problems.

Elementary particles 05 hrs

Classification of  particles and antiparticles. Four basic interaction nature. Unified theory (salient features). Quark model, standard model; Higg’s Bosons (introduction and properties).

Nuclear Instruments 05 hrs

Particle accelerators: Principle and working of  Cyclotron and Betatron. Particle detectors; GM Counter-construction and working (dead time, operating voltage, paralysis time, internal quenching), Scintillation counter. Problems.

 

SOLID STATE PHYSICS

Crystal structures  08 hrs

Concept of  lattice, unit cell and its construction, Bravais lattice Seven Crystal system and characteristics, Miller indices, crystal planes, interplanar spacing, X-ray diffraction, Bragg’s law, Bragg diffractmeter (construction and working ), power method , indexing of peaks Structure of NaCl, KCl, diamond (cubic & hexagonal).

Band theory of solids  07 hrs

Free electron theory for metals – expression for electrical. Ohms law, calculation of electron density of states, Wiedman- Frange Law  for thermal conductivity, Drude model (qualitative), Kroning-Penny model (Energy values and energy function calculation). Concept of  Fermi energy and its temperature dependence.

Semiconductor Physics 06 hrs

Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, derivations for carrier concentrations (electron and hole), electrical conductivity in intrinsic semiconductor. Hall effect: Definition, expression for Hall co-efficient in semiconductors. Experimental determination of  Hall co-efficient. Identification of n & p type semeconductors by Hall Effect.

Specific heat of solids 03 hrs

Dulong  and Petits law, Einstein and Debye’s theories (quantitative) and experimental comparion.

Reference Books:

  1. Modern Physics by R. Murgeshan and J.B Rajan
  2. Nuclear Physics by D.C. Tayal
  3. Introductory Nuclear Physics by Kenneth Crane
  4. Nuclear Physics by l Kaplar
  5. Nuclear Physics by Brijlal and Subramanyam
  6. Solid state physics by C. Kittel
  7. Solid state physics by A.J. Dekkar
  8. Solid state physics by Sexena and Group

Laboratory course for BSc VI Semester (Physics)

Paper: Practical 6.1

Instructions:

  1. One laboratory session of 3 hours duration per week is to be conducted under Practical 6.1
  2. Minimum of 8 experiments and 4 assignments from the list mentioned below should be performed.
  3. Results must be written with correct physical units in Sl system

 

Experiments:

  1. Determination of operating voltage of Gieger Muller Counter
  2. Dead time of Geiger Muller counter (single source)
  3. Verification of inverse square law using G.M. Counter
  4. Determination of half life of source using G.M Tube
  5. Absorption coefficient of Aluminium for B ray
  6. Attenuation coefficient for B rays
  7. Study of Solar panels
  8. Temperature variation of a resistance of semiconductor
  9. Determination of Hall coefficient.
  10. B-H Curve by Hysterisis curve
  11. Magneto resistance of a metal
  12. Magneto resistance of metals a semiconductor
  13. Determination of inter plannar spacing on power diffraction film
  14. Determination of Curie temperature of a ferromagnetic materials
  15. Spacing heat of solids
  16. Energy gap of semiconductor
  17. Assignment I
  18. Assignment II
  19. Assignment III
  20. Assignment IV
  21. Assignment V
  22. Assignment VI

PAPER 6.2: Electronics. Astrophysics, Plasma Physics & Diagnostic Physics

Network Theorms 04 hrs

Thevenin’s theorem. Norton’s  theorm, Maximum Power Theorems. Problems.

Semiconductor devices 12 hrs

P-N Junction diode & its I-V characteristics, I-V relationship for forward bias, emission of energy during forward bias, light emitting diodes (LED) with different colors (factors which decides the color of a LED). Use of LED and LCD, seven segment display- P-N Junction during reverse bias, junction breakdown Avalanche breakdown and Zener breakdown, Tunneling phenomenon, characteristics of Zener and Tunnel diodes.

Transistors: PNP and NPN transistors, characteristics, a and b and their inter relationship. Field Effect Transistors (FET): JFET, MOSFET & their characteristics.

Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR)-Construction and switching action.

Amplifiers 04 hrs

Comparison of characteristics of CE CB & CC configurations, Biasing; DC & A C Load lines of CE configuration. CE Amplifier: Frequency response and band width. Basics of Linear Integrated Circuits (IC’s). Operational amplifiers: Characteristics, CMRR inverting, non-inverting modes.

Oscillators 04 hrs

Damped and undamped  oscillarors. Concept of positive & negative feedback. Barkhausesn criteria for sustained oscillations, RC Phase shift, Wien Bridge Oscillators.

Communications 04 hrs

Modulation: Need for modulation, AM and FM modulation (LSB & USB) and their comparison. Demodulation: Concept, need for demodulation. Concept of Noise. Satellite communication (qualitative).

Logic functions  04 hrs

Basic of Digital Integrated Circuits (IC’s). Decimal and Binary system of numbers and their inter conversions. Logic Gate; AND, OR, NOT, NOR, NAND. X-OR & X-NOR and their realizations using IC’s

Astrophysics 05 hrs

Scope of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Physical Properties of Stars,. Classification of stars. Harvards classification system. H-R diagram. Stellar Evolution Formation of Stars, Chandrashakhar Limit, Black holes, Supernova explosion, Photon diffusion time, internal temperature and pressure of stars.

Plasma Physics 05 hrs

Introduction, Characteristics of plasma, collisions, surface phenomenon, Transport phenomena (transfer), diffusion and mobility (ambipolar diffusion), Viscosity, recombination, plasma diagnostics, confinement of plasma.

Radiology and Diagnostic Physics 06 hrs

Blood pressure  measuring techniques, diastolic and systolic, ECG, EEG Scanning, ultra sound MRI, principles of Doppler, echo, Sonography, CT scanning, Imaging X-ray techniques. Radiation  measurements.  Body  temperature measurements using LCD.

 

Reference books

  1. Basic Electrical Principles – B L Thereja
  2. Integrated Electronics – Millmun & Halkias
  3. Electronic Devices & circuits – Allen Moltershed
  4. Elements of Plasma Physics by S N Goswami
  5. An Introduction to Astrophysics by Baidyanath Basu.
  6. Astronomy by Fundamentals and Frontiers – R jastrow and M H Thompson
  7. Astrophysics I & II by R. Bowers and T.Deeming

Laboratory course for BSc VI Semester (Physics)

Paper: Practical 6.2

Instructions:

  1. One laboratory session of 3 hours duration per week is to be conducted under practical 6.2
  2. Minimum of 8 experiments and 4 assignments from the list mentioned below should be performed
  3. Result must be written with correct physical units in SI system
  4. A certified record book consisting of practical work carried out under practical 6.1 & 6.2 must be produced in the examination for assessment. Practical internal Assessment tests (10 marks each ) and semester end examination (40 marks each ) for practical courses 6.1 and 6.2 must be conducted separately.

 

 Experiments:

  1. Characteristics of PN junction and Zener diode
  2. Characteristics of Transistor, C-E Configuration
  3. Characteristics of Transistor, C-B Configuration
  4. Characteristics of Silicon Controlled Rectirfier (SCR)
  5. Characteristics of FET
  6. CE amplifier – study of frequency Response and measurement of gain & band width
  7. Phase shift oscillator – construction & determination of frequency
  8. Wein – bridge Oscillator – construction & determination of frequency
  9. Hartely Oscillator – construction & determination of frequency
  10. Transistor – Astable Multivibrator
  11. Transistor – Mono stable Multivibrator
  12. Study of logic gates using basic devices (diode/transistors)Study of logic gates using ICs
  13. Inverting & Non – Inverting Op-Amp
  14. Summing & Difference Operational Amplifier
  15. H-R diagrm
  16. Measurements of Blood pressure
  17. Determination of temperature of stars using stallar data
  18. Assignment I
  19. Assignment II
  20. Assignment III
  21. Assignment IV