BSc V Semester

BSC Chemistry
CHT – 511 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Inorganic polymers.

Definition, general properties, glass transition temperature, classification. Brief account of Phosphozenes, phosphonitrillic chlorides, ultraphosphate, and borophosphate glasses, organosilicones, silicone resins, silicone rubber, difference between organic and inorganic polymers.

Chromatography

Introduction, terminology Rf,Rt, Molar volume etc. Classification of ehromatography, column chromatography, principle, techniques and applications. Paper chromatography, ascending, descending, horizontal and two-dimentional. Solvent system. Application and separation of inorganic ions paper chromatography.

CHT- 512 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Spectrograpy                                                                                                                       

Introduction, advantage of spectrographic methods. Principle of spectroscopy.

Spectrophotometer components. Principle and application of IR, UV, and NMR

Spectroscopy in organic analysis. (Schematic diagrams of a NMR Spectrometer).

Meaning of the terms equivalent and non-equivalent protons, chemical shift, spin-spin coupling, (n+l) rule, downfield shift in NMR spectroscopy.

Organicmetallic compounds:

The Grignard reagent, systhesis and application of methyl magnesium iodide. Organolithium compounds- Preparation and reaction of methyl lithinum.

Organo sulphure compounds:

Nomenclature, methods of formation and chemical reactions of thiols. (Ethane thiol may be taken as example).

Tioethers- Nomenclature, methods of preparation and chemical reactions (Diethyl).

Amino-Acids:

Introduction, classification and structure of amino acids. Synthesis of a-amino acids (from acids, Strecker synthesis and Gabriel – phthalimide). Acid-Base behavior and isoelectric point of an amino acid.

CHT- 513 PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

Colligative properties:

Semi permeable membrane, natural and artificial semi permeable examples. Osmosis and osmotic pressure- determination of osmotic pressure by Berkeley and Hertley’s method. Theory of dilute solutions. Laws of osmotic pressure, Relationship between molecular mass and osmotic pressure, isotonic solutions.

Concept of vapour pressure, relative lowering of vapour pressure of solvent, its determination by Dynamic method (Oswald’s & Walker) Calculation of molecular mass from relative lowering of vapour pressure.

Elevation in boiling point and its relationship with relative lowering of vapour pressure (to be derived from Clepeyron-Clausius equation). Ebullioscopic constant of solvent, relationship between molar mass and elevation in boiling point.

Determination of molar mass of solute by Land Berger’s method.

Depression in freezing point and its relationship to the lowering of vapour pressure, cryoscopic constant of the solvent, relation between depression in freezing point and molecular mass of solute (to be derived from Clepeyron- Claussius equation)

Relation between K, m,∆H and freezing point of solvent. Determination of molecular mass of solute by cryoscopic method.

Abnormal collingative properties, Vant Hoff’s factor, its relation with degree of ionization and degree of association. Numerical problems.

Adsorption

Adsorption isotherms, derivation of Frundlich adsorption isotherm and its limitations. Derivation of Longmuir’s adsorption isotherms, BET equation (derivation) and application in the determination of surface area adsorbent. Application of adsorption.

CHP-514 – LABORATORY COURSE-4

Organic Mixture Analysis,

Qualitative analysis of organic mixture containing two solid compound, separation

Using NaHCO3, NaOH and HCl. Identification of mixture, separation of mixture and

Analysis of any one component with preparation of derivative.

Acids – Benzoic, Salicylic, Cinnamic and phthalic acid.

Phenol:- 1- Naphthol, 2- Naphtholand and resorcinol.

Bases:- P-Toluidine. O- Toludine, m-Toludine, Nitro aniline

Neutral:- Naphthalene, Diphenyl, m-dinitrobenzene.

The mixture is of A+B, A+P, A+N, P+B, P+N, and B+N.

PAPER- II CHT- 521 – INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Bio – Inorganic Chemistry

Introduction, essential, macro and micro elements, non-essential elements, role of alkall metals (Na & K) and alkaline earth metals (Mg, Ca) in our biological system.

Iron – coordination environment in Heme, Biological functions of heamoglobin.

Halogens:

Introduction, electronic configuaration, comparative study of properties of halogens.

Interhalogens, Pseudo halogens, basic properties of Iodine. Preparation, properties structure and uses of interhalogens of thetype AB, AB3, AB5, and AB7.

CHT – 522 – ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Organic Synthesis via Enolates Reactive methylene compounds: introduction, acidity of alpha hydrogen atoms, alkylation of diethylmalonate and ethyl acetoacetate. Synthesis of ethyl acetoacetate (mechanism of claise condensation). Keto-enol tauomerism in ethyl acetoacetate. Synthetic application of ethyl acetoacetate.

Carbohydrates Introduction and classification. General properties of monosaccharides, mechanism of osazone formation, Inter conversion of Glucose in to Fructose and vice-versa. Chain lengthening of aldoses (Killiani-Fisher synthesis), chain shortening of aldoses (Ruff degradation). Epimerization and mutaroation. Elucidation of structure of glucose (open chain structure and configuration). Determination of ring size in glucose (Fisher and Haworth structure of glucose). Haworth structure of sucrose, Maltonse, Lactose.

Oils, Fats, Soaps and detergents:   Composition of oils and fats. Determination of saponification value and iodine value of oils and fats. Manufacture of soap (hydrolyser process) Synthetic detergents (syndates) manufacture of sodium lauryl sulphate and sodium do decyl benzene sulphonate. Cleansing action of soaps.

Synthetic Polymers: Classification with examples, synthesis and uses of polyethylene, Nylon and Terylene.

Synthetic Dyes: Introduction, classification based on structure, chromophore theory of colour and Constitution. Synthesis of methyl orange, Bismarck brown, malachite green and phenolphthalein.

CHT- 523 – PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

Revision of conduction in metals and electrolyte solutions, Specific conductance, molar conductance, equivalent conductance, variation of equivalent conductance and specific conductance with dilution. Cell constant, determination of equivalent conductance. Ionic conductance, ionic mobility, Kohlrausch’s and its applications.

Hittroff’s theoretical devide , transport number, determination of transport number by

Hittroff’s method (non-attackable electrodes) Debey-Huckel-Onsagar equation for strong electrolytes ( elementary treatment only) Numberical problems.

Application of conductance measurements-

  1. Solubility and solubility product of sparingly soluble salt
  2. Degree of dissociation of weak electrolytes
  3. Conductometric titrations-acid-base and precipitation titration and advantages of these

Physical properties and molecular structure:

Dipole moment, polarization, induced polarization, orientation polarization,

Classium-Mossotti equation and its importance. Comparison of bond polarity taking examples of hydra acids of halogens, and deciding the shapes of CO2, H2O, BF3 and CCl4

CHP-524 – LABORATORY COURSE-4

Physical Instrumental – I

  1. Conductometric titration of strong acid (say HCl) against strong base (NaOH)
  2. Conductometric titration of weak acid (acetic acid) against strong base (NaOH)
  3. Conductometric titration of mixture of acids agaist strong base
  4. Determination of amount of cu+2CuSO4 solution and verify Beer Lambert’s law
  5. Estimation of HCI by titrating with standard NaOH potentiometrically.
  6. Estimate the amount of iron in ferrous ammonium sulphate by titrating with std. potassium dichromate solution potentiometrically
  7. Determine the specific and molar refractivity of two given liquids by abbe refractometer and determine the densities of two given liquids.
  8. Determine the specific rotation of cane sugar solution using polarimeter.

BSc Computer Science

CA 501: Animation Techniques

Unit I: Key framing, identifying keys in a scene, time measurement, timing and spacing, animation ladder, extreme and breakdown poses. Create in betweens, in between drawings and their cleanups. Special effects (smokes, fire, rainfall, cloth simulation, snow, water ripples, waves) Mass, weight, and force. Concept of straight forward and pose to pose, their advantage and disadvantages.

 

Unit II: Line of action, path of action, Human walk cycle getting the weight, tempo, passing position double bounce, heel action, foot action, weight shift, belt line, arm movements, counter action sneak and tip top walks, runs, jumps, skip and leap, Animal walks.

 

Unit III: Action for animation (Essential concept); facial expression, changing expressions, personality, Communication by body language and gesture. Voice characterization, dialogue expression. Cinematography, camera handling.

 

Unit IV: 2D Digital Animation: FLASH

Flash workflow & Workspace, Workspace overview, timeline, Using Flash panels, Property inspector Library panel, Movie explorer, History panel, Color panel, working with Flash documents: Introduction to flash files, Creator or open a document and set its properties, Working with project, importing art work into flash (working with PSD files-PSD file import preferences)”, Adding media to library, Work with libraries and its items, Using flash drawing and painting tools

 

Unit V: Working with graphic objects: selection objects, moving, copying and deleting objects, Arranging objects and Transforming object, Using symbols, instances and library assets, Create symbols, Convent animation on the stage into a movie clip, working with symbol instances.

Creating animation: Animation basics, creating motion, creating key frames, Representations of animation in the timeline, Frame rates, Frame by frame animation, onion skinning, Extend still images, Mask layers. Using timeline  effects, Twinned Animation, Special effects, Filter: Animation filters, Create preset filter libraries, Blend modes in flash, working with text, working with Sound, working with video. 

References:

  1. Richard Williams, The Animators Survival Kit, Faber and Faber, London
  2. Tony White, The Animator’s Workbook: Step-by-Step Techniques of Drawn Animation. Watson-Guptill
  3. Susannah Shaw, Stop Motion: Craft Skills for Model Animation, Focal Press
  4. Ken A. Priebe, The Advanced Art of Stop-Motion Animation, Course Technology PTR
  5. Preston Blair, Cartoon Animation, The Collector’s Series
  6. Tony White, Animation from Pencils to Pixels: Classical Technique, Elsevierl.
  7. Adobe Creative Team, Adobe Flash Professional CS5 Classroom in a Book, Adobe Press
  8. Chris Jackson, Flash + after effects, Focal press publication
  9. Lee Purcell, Flash character animation: applied studio techniques, Sams publishing
  10. Adobe Creative Team, Adobe Flash Catalyst CS5 Classroom in a book

PRACTICAL-V: 2D Animation Lab

Animation exercises on following principles using FLASH:

Squash and Stretch, Anticipation, Staging, Straight ahead and pose to pose, Follow through and

Overlapping action, slow in and slow out, Ares, Secondary action, Timing, Exaggeration,

Solid drawing, Appeal, Mass and weight, Character acting, Volume.

Walk cycles of Biped (human), Walk cycle of Quadruped (animal)

Mini project on 2D animation with flash

CA502: Preproduction, Audio and Video Editing

Unit I: Perspective in animation. Perspective- Blocks and boxes, Vanishing point in horizon, outside horizon and indoors. Seal diagrams in perspective, Different viewpoints, importance of eye level, Curves and cylinders in perspective, Perspective in 1 point, 2 point, 3 point, Perspective in multiple points. Objects in perspective, Human forms in perspective. Cast shadow, Storyboarding: shot breakdowns, camera angles, Creating storyboard for the story with film grammar principles.

 

Unit II: Introduction to cameras, kinds of shots, Camera angles, movement of the camera pans, Tilts, Truck in and Truck outs”. Visual continuity, Timing the story board. Analyze storyboard of a film, Working with a storyboard, Field size, Student project-Story boarding.

Manipulating audio: Auto trim/crop, mute, DC offset, resample, reverse, smooth/enhance, Fade in/out, insert silence, bit depth converter etc, Understanding various digital audio formats like, WAV, AIFF, MP3, swf,. WMA etc. Understand audio plug-in, importing and exporting into multiple audio file formats like MP3, real audio, Quick time formats, etc. Event tool: move, split, slip and trim multiple events, create fades, apply ASR Attack/Sustain/Release.

 

Unit III: Understanding script editor window, Spectrum analysis tools, scrub tool etc, statistics tool (Max, RMS, DC offset, zero crossing), sampler tool etc, Audio editing: workflow, real time editing, event based editing, waveform volume and pan envelopes, Edit, record, encode and master digital audio, editing audio by drag and drop options, cross fading audio tracks, balancing sound levels, creating smooth fades, etc.

 

Unit IV: Understanding Multi channel audio recording, synchronize audio and video. Understanding regions and play lists, editing of fields, name markers, loops, and regions, Timing basis: absolute frames, measures and beats, Time and frames

Audio effects like: Equalizer, Volume, chorus, distortion, Delay/echo, pitch, bend/shift, reverb, vibrato, normalize etc. Insert track markers, adding multiple tracks, adjusting track time, musical instrument file processing

 

Unit V: Adobe Premiere: Concept of non linear editing, The basics of editing: Overview, Importing and Exporting: various audio, video and graphics in various formats, Edit, manipulate and arrange these elements in visual timeline, understand all tools of toolbox for editing clips. Titling and superimposing. Panels: Tools panel, project, Monitors: Source and program, Timeline, Audio meters, Misc. Tasks and functions: title, Transitions, speed and duration, Effects, key frames, Types of edit, Opacity, trimming, Adding Special effects like: Star trek transporter effect, Blur part of an image, Ghost effect, Highlight part of an image etc. 

References:

  • Stan Lee, How to Draw Comics, Marvel
  • Sterling Art of drawing Human Body
  • Ken Hultgren, Art of animal study
  • Eliot Gold finger, animal anatomy for Artist
  • Andrew Loomis, Successful Drawing
  • Mark t byme, the art of layout and storyboarding
  • Jeremy Vineyard, Setting Up Your Shots: Great Camera Moves Every filmmaker Should know, Michael Wiese Production.
  • Nancy Bciman, Prepare to Board! Creating Story and Characters for Animated Features and Shorts.
  • Tom Sito, timing for Animation
  • Ric Viers, the Sound Effects Bible: How to Create and Record Hollywood style Sound effects, Michael Wiese Productions.
  • Adobe Creative Team, Adobe Premiere Pro CS5 Classroom in a Book, Adobe Press
  • Gael Chandler, Film Editing: Great Cuts Every Filmmaker and Movie Lover Must. Know, Michael Wiese Productions.

PRACTICAL – VI: Audio and Video Editing Lab

Animation exercises on following principles shall be carried out;

Working with multi track projects

Cleanup audio

Create a loop of sound

Applying sound effects

Making a short movie by using various clips

Adding old movie sound/audio to new movie visual and vice versa

Making movie trailer by footage

Creating titles in premiere

Creating credits of the movie

BSc PHYSICS PAPER 5.1: ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS:

ATOMIC PHYSICS:

Properties of Atom: 06 Hrs

Cathode Rays, properties and applications, Charge of an Electron by Milikan’s oil drop method, e/m by J J Thomson method and Dunnington method, Atomic mass by Dumpsters method.

Atomic Spectra: 17 Hrs

Wave mechanical approach of the atom. Concept of electron spin and space quantization, structure of an atom, Stem-Gerlach experiment. The Pauli’s exclusion principle, electron configuration of single valence electron atoms (alkali metals) and two valence electron atoms and their spectra (Principle, Sharp, Diffuse and Fundamental series). Vector model of the atom. j-j & L-S Coupling (vector diagrams), spin-orbit interaction, magnetic moment due to orbital and spin motion.

Excitation and ionization potentials; The Frank-Hertz experiment. Penetrating and non-penetrating orbits in the alkali metals.

Effect of Magnetic field on spectral lines: 09 Hrs

Larmor’s precession in a magnetic field, expression for magnetic interaction energy. Magnetic field effects; Normal and anomalous Zeeman Effect (with energy level diagrams), experimental set up to observe Zeeman Effect. Energy level diagram for Sodium D lines in a weak magnetic field. Landeg-factor. Problems. 

 

MOLECULAR PHYSICS:

Molecular Spectra: 08 Hrs

Different types of motion in a molecule (electronic, vibration, rotational, molecular energy distribution in the electromagnetic spectrum, general features of band spectra compared to atomic spectra. The diatomic molecule as a rigid rotator, non-rigid rotator, the rotational energy levels and their spectrum. Frank-Condon principle. Information about the moment of inertia and inter nuclear distances from the pure rotational spectrum.

Raman Effect: 08 Hrs

Rayleigh scattering, Raman scattering. Classical and Quantum theories of Raman effect (derivation) and Raman spectrum. Raman Spectra: Rotational and Vibration. Laser Raman spectrometer, Applications of Raman Spectroscopy (structure of organic molecules).

Reference Books:

  • Modern Physics by Murugeshan.
  • Introduction of Modern Physics by Ritchmeyer & Kennard.
  • Perspective of Modern Physics by Beiser.
  • Modern Physics Brijlal and Subramanyam.
  • Atomic Physics by Ghatak.
  • Molecular Physics by H E White.
  • Atomic Physics by H E White.
  • Specials theory of relativity by French.

Laboratory course for BSc V Semester (Physics)

Paper: Practical 5.1

Instructions:

  1. One lab session of 3 hours duration per week is to be conducted under Practical 5.1.
  2. Minimum of 8 experiments and 4 assignments from the list mentioned below should be performed.
  3. Result must be written with correct physical units in S1 system.

Experiments:

  1. Temperature of flame by line reversal method.
  2. Rydberg constant.
  3. Charge of electron by dispersion method.
  4. e/m by Thomson method.
  5. Plank constant (h) by Photocell.
  6. Thermionic emission: Childs law.
  7. Study of Thermistor (I-V characteristics).
  8. Stopping potential using photocell.
  9. Excitation potential of a Neon (gas) bulb.
  10. Charge of electron by Millikon oil drop method.
  11. Excitation and Ionisation potentials using LED,.
  12. TCR of metallic wire.
  13. TCR of semiconductor.
  14. Ionization potential of mercury.
  15. Assignment I.
  16. Assignment II.
  17. Assignment III.
  18. Assignment IV.
  19. Assignment V.
  20. Assignment VI.
  21. Assignment VII.

PAPER 5.2: QUANTUM MECHANICS, STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND MATERIALS PHYSICS

Quantum Mechanics 16 hrs

Failure of Classical Mechanics Particle nature of waves; Compton scattering theory. Wave nature of Particle; Experiments of Davisson and Germer and Thomson, concept of matter waves, Uncertain principle, illustration by gamma ray microscope and diffraction at a single slit. Schrodinger wave equation time dependent (qualitative) and Schrodinger wave equation time independent (derivation), interpretation of wave function. Probability current density, Equation of continuity Physical significance. Application of Schrodinger equation: particle in a box, solution for one dimension. Extension to three dimension, degeneracyl: harmonic oscillator, zero point energy.

Statistical mechanics 08 hrs

Statistical ideas in physics, Phase space, ensemble, Boltzmann equi-partion theorem, most probable distribution, derivation of statistical equilibrium. Distribution Laws: Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bosons & Fermions. Bose- Einstein and Femi-Dirac distribution functions and their comparisons.

MATERIALS PHYSICS

Magnetic Materials 06 hrs

Classification of Para Dia, Ferro magnetic materials, Langevins theory for diamagnetism. B H Curve (hysteresis) for ferromagnetic materials. Qualitative discussion on Curie-Weiss law. Ferrites: classification, hard and soft ferrites, applications of ferrites.

Superconductivity 08 hrs

Definition. Meissner effect. Classification of superconductors into type I & type II and their properties, critical current and critical magnetic fields. Field penetration depth. High temperature superconductors. Applications of superconductors. BCS Theory.

Nano materials 10 hrs

Introduction to Nano-materials (basics). Effect of reduction of dimension, quantum size effect . Different techniques of preparing Nanomaterials: Physical and chemical methods: PVD, CVD and Sol Gel methods. Application of Nanomaterials 

Reference Books

  1. Quantum Mechanics – B. N. Srivasta
  2. Quantum Mechanics – Satyaprakash, Meeru publication
  3. Modern Physics by R. Murugeshan
  4. Statistical Mechanical by kerson Huang
  5. Fundamentals of Statistical mechanics by B B Laud
  6. Quantum mech, Statistical mechanics and Solid State Physics by P C Rakshit and
  7. Chattopadhyaya
  8. Materials Science and processes by S. K Hazra Chaudary
  9. Nano the Essentials by T Pradeep

Laboratory course for BSc V Semester (Physics)

Paper: Practical 5.2

Instructions:

  1. One laboratory session of 3 hours duration per week is to be conducted under Practical 5.2
  2. Minimum of 8 Experiments and 4 assignments from list mentioned below should be performed
  3. Results must be written with correct Physical units in SI system.
  4. A certified record book consisting of practical work carried out under Practical 5.2 must be produced in the examination for assessment. Practical internal Assessment tests (10 marks each) and semester and examinations (40 marks each) for practical courses 5.1 and 5.2 must be conducted separately.

Experiments:

  1. Analysis of systematic and random errors
  2. Yield point of a metallic wire
  3. Determination of self inductance using Anderson bridge
  4. Maxwell’s bridge
  5. Simple multimeter
  6. I – V Characteristics of solar cells
  7. B – H curve using CRO
  8. B- H curve by hysteresis method
  9. Study of Magnetic materials
  10. Curie temperature for ferromagnetic materials
  11. Dielectric constant of solids
  12. Verification of Gaussian distribution (measuring length of 100 nails/diameter of balls)
  13. Spectral response of LDR
  14. Power supply using Bridge Rectifier
  15. Assignment I
  16. Assignment II
  17. Assignment III
  18. Assignment IV
  19. Assignment V
  20. Assignment VI