BSc IV Semester


P.S 1 Play                                                                                                      

P.S 2 Essay                                                                                                   

P.S 3 Personality Development                                                                   

P.S 1 The Cherry Orchard (NAP)                                                               

P.S 2 “The Double Crisis”, “Comfort”, & “Work and Leisure” from Selections from Aldous Huxley (Macmillan)                         

P.S 3 Nature of Personality Development

P.S.4 Self-Concept

Question paper pattern

Q 1. Reference to Context (2/4) on Play                                                                     08

Q 2. Essay Type Question (1/2) on Play                                                                       16

Q 3. Reference to Context (2/4) on Essay                                                                  08

Q 4. Essay type Question (1/2) on Essay                                                                     16

Q 5. Nature of Personality Development                                                                   16

        The self-Concept                                                                                                            16

Text Book: Communication Skills in English & Personality Development  by Dr. H.S. Matti & Sri D.T. Angadi (SP)


Unit 1: The Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies.

Definition, Scope and Importance.

Need for public awareness.


Unit 2: Natural Resources:

Renewable and non-renewable resources:

  • Natural resources and associated problems.
  1. Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.
  2. Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dam’s benefits and problems.
  3. Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies.
  4. Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies.
  5. Energy resources: Growing energy needs renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternative energy sources, Case studies.
  6. Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification.
  • Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources.
  • Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

Unit 3: Ecosystems:

  • Concepts of an ecosystem.
  • Structure and function of an ecosystem.
  • Producers, consumers and decomposers.
  • Energy flow in the ecosystem.
  • Ecological succession.
  • Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.
  • Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem:-
  1. Forest ecosystem. Grassland ecosystem.  c. Desert ecosystem.
  2. Aquatic ecosystem (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).

Unit 4: Biodiversity and its conservation:

  1. Introduction – Definition, genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
  2. Biogeographically classification of India.
  3. Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values.
  4. Biodiversity at global, National and local levels.
  5. India as a mega-diversity nation.
  6. Hot-spots of biodiversity.
  7. Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts.
  8. Endangered and endemic species of India.
  9. Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Unit 5: Environmental Pollution:

            Definition. Causes, effects and control measures of:-

  1. a) Air pollution. b) Water pollution. c) Soil pollution.  d) Marine pollution.  e) Noise pollution. f) Thermal pollution.  g) Nuclear hazards.

Solid waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes.

Role of an individual in prevention of pollution.

Pollution case studies.

Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.


Unit 6: Social Issues and the Environment:

Form Unsustainable development.

Urban problems related to energy.

Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management.

Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case studies.

Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions.

Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust. Case studies.

Wasteland reclamation.

Environment Protection Act.

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act.

Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act.

Wildlife Protection Act.

Forest Conservation Act.

Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation.

Public awareness.


Unit 7: Human Population and the Environment:

Population growth, variation among nations.

Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme.

Environment and human health.

Human Rights.

Value Education.


Women and Child Welfare.

Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health.

Case Studies.


Unit 8: Field work:

Visit to a local area to document environmental assets-river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.

Visit a local site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.

Study of common plants, insects, birds.

Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill slopes, etc. (Field work Equal to 5 lecture hours).


UNIT 1: Database Concepts: Data base, Database Management System (DBMS), characteristics of database approach, advantages of using the DBMS approach, DBMS users, data models, schemas and instances, three-schema architecture and data independence, database languages and interfaces, database system environment.

UNIT 2: The Entity Relationship Model: Entities, attributes, relationships, connectivity and cardinality, weak entities, relationship degree, composite entities, entity super types and subtypes and subtypes, E-R diagrams, naming conventions, and design issues, specialization and generalization, relationship types of degree higher than two.

UNIT 3: Relational Model: Concepts, constraints and relational database schemas, update operations, relational algebra operations, relational calculus, relational database design using ER to relational mapping.

Relational Query Language: SQL data definition and data types, specifying constraints, queries in SQL, insert, delete and update statements, nested queries, correlated queries, aggregated functions, database programming with function calls, cursors, triggers, procedures, PL/SQL programming.

UNIT 4: Relational Database Design: Functional dependencies, normal forms- first, second, third and Boyce-Codd normal forms, relational database design algorithms, multivalued dependencies and fourth normal form. The database design and implementation process.

UNIT 5: File Structures: Disk storage, basic file structures, and hashing, indexing structures for files.

Transaction processing concepts: Transaction properties, characterizing schedules based upon recoverability, characterizing schedules based upon serializability, two-phase locking protocol for concurrency control, concurrency control based on Time-Stamp ordering, transaction support in SQL.

Database recovery techniques.


  1. Ramex Elmasri, Navathe, Fundamentals of Database Systems, Pearson Education.
  2. Korth and Silberschatz, Database Systems Concepts, McGraw Hill.
  3. Bipin C. Desai, An Introduction to Database Systems, Galgotia Publications.
  4. Date, C.J., An Introduction to Database Systems, Sixth Edition, Addison-Wesley.
  5. Kroenke David M, Database Processing Fundamentals, Design and Implementation, PHI.
  6. Leon and Leon, SQL Complete Reference, Tata McGraw Hill.
  7. Ivan Bayross, SQL, PL/SQL Programming Language, BPB Publications.

BSC Chemistry


Coordinate chemistry 10 hrs

Introduction, definition of the terms Ligads, donors, acceptors, coordination sphere coordination number, types of ligands, nomenclature of coordination compounds, Wemer’s theory of coordination compounds, Sedgwick theory, and EAN rule, stereoisomerism of complexes of coordination number 4 and 6.

VBT – Postulate and limitation of valence bond theory, structure and bonding of {Fe (CN)6}4, {Fe(H20)}+2, Cu (NH3)4}+2 and {Ni(CO)4} explanation of outer and inner orbital complexes with examples.

CFT – Postulate, splitting of d-orbital in square planer and octahedral complexes, low Spin and high spin complexes, CFSE an elementary treatment.

Metallurgy: 06 hrs

Introduction, Metallurgy of Mn from its oxide, Mercury from cinnabar Uranium from pitch Blende, Thorium from monazite.

Non-Aqueous solvent: 05 hrs

Introduction, physical properties of a solvent, type of solvents, and their general characteristics. Reaction in nonaqueous solvents with reference to liquid ammonia and liquid


Ethers and Epoxides: 03 hrs

Definition, nomenclature, methods of preparation by dehydration of alcohols, williamson’s ether synthesis, heating alkyl halide with dry silver oxide.

Chemical reactions- auto oxidation and C-O bond cleavge reactions.

Epoxides- definition and synthesis of epoxide (ethylene oxide as an example) acid and base catalyzed ring opening reactions.

Aldehydes and Ketones: 09 hrs

Nomenclature of aldehydes and ketones, general methods of preparation by alcohols, gem dihalides, alkynes and calcium salt of fatty acids (acetaldehyde and acetone may be taken as examples). Mechanism of nucleophilic addition and condensation reaction of aldehydes and ketones with HCN, NaHSO, NH2OH, NH2-NH2, C6H5NHNH2,and Ch3Mgl. Mechanism of aldol condensation, Perkins reaction and cannizzaro’s reaction (benzaldehyde is taken as example), witting and Mannich reaction, Bayer-Villinger oxidation of ketones, Wolf – Kishner reduction.

Organic compounds of nitrogen: 09 hrs

Nitro compounds:- General methods of preparation of nitroalkanes and nitro arenas, reduction of nitrobenzene in acid, alkaline and neutral medium.

Electrophilic substitution reactions of nitrobenzene.

Amines:- Definition, classification with examples. General methods of synthesis of aliphatic and aromatic primary amine (methyl amine and aniline).

Distinguishing tests for primary, secondary and tertiary amines by the action of nitrous acid and benzene sulphonylchloride. Basic character of amines, comparison of basic character in the following group of amines

  1. CH3NH2,(CH3)2NH & (CH3)3N
  2. C6H5NH2,C6H5NHCH3and C6H5N(CH3)2
  3. Aniline, P-nitro aniline and P-Toluidine

Preparation, structure and synthetic application of Benzene diazonium chloride


Elementary Quantum Mechanics 12 hrs

Postulate of quantum mechanics. Black body radiation, Plank’s radiation law, photoelectric effect, Compton Effect, De-Broglie hypothesis. The Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Hamaltonian operator, Schrodinger wave equation and its importance, physical interpretation of the wave function. Schrodinger wave equation for H-atom separation in to three equations (without derivation) radial wave function and angular wave function. Quantum numbers and their importance.

Phase Rule: 05 hrs

Phase rule, definition and explanation of the terms involved in the phase rule application to one component (water and sulphur), triple point Application to two component system (lead-silver and potassium iodide-water system), Eutectic mixtures, Freezing mixtures.

Photochemistry: 05 hrs

Introduction of radiation with matter, difference between thermal and photochemical process, laws of photochemistry, Grothus – Draper’s law, Beer-Lambert’s law Stark Einstein’s law of photochemical equivalence, quantum yield, qualitative description of fluorescence, phosphorescence, photosensitized reactions with examples.



Synthesis and Analysis, preparation of sodiumtrioxalato ferrate(III)

And determine the composition by permaganometry.

Preparation of Ni-DMG complex

Preparation of copper tetra amine complex

Preparation of cis and trans-bisoxalato diaqua chromate (III) ion.



Job’s method, mole ratio method

Effluent analysis, water analysis.


  1. Estimation of water soluble carboxylic acid-titration method
  2. Estimation of glucose by titrimetry method
  3. Estimation of phenol/aniline by bromination method
  4. Estimation of Aldehyde and ketone
  5. Estimation of amino acid
  6. Estimation of vitamin C by titrimetry method
  7. Estimation of Nitrogen by Kjeldahl method.


Non instrumental – II

  1. Determine the surface tension of a given liquid using stalagmometer and determine the density of liquid
  2. Determine thesurface tension of two given liquid using stelagmometer and calculate the Parachor (densities of liquid are given)
  3. Determine the partition coefficient of iodine between carbon tetrachloride and water
  4. Determine the equilibrium constant of KI+I2=KI3by distribution law method
  5. Percentage composition of liquid mixture by S.T. method (ex-ethyl alcohol+water and benzene+nitrobenzene)
  6. Study the adsorption of acetic acid by activated charcoal
  7. Determine the specific rate constant of a second order reaction between KI and K2S2O8
  8. Determine the specific rate constant of saponification of ethyl acetate by sodium hydroxide
  9. Determine the critical solution temperature of water – phenol system
  10. Determine the percentage of NaCI solution using solubility of phenol in water
  11. Determine the molecular weight of non volatile solute by Rast method
  12. Determine the molecular weight of non volatile solute by ebullioscopic method.

Note:-  Either organic estimation OR Physical experiments is to  be given for examination

BSc Computer Science

Unit I: Photoshop and its interface, Navigation and All tools, Working with basic selections, advanced selections- I (on basis of channels, color range, extract, filter etc), Exercises on selections, Quick Marks, Layer Mask, Layers & Layer Blending Modes, Play with Photoshop, filter Gallery, Exercise, Bring some object and try to make it in computer, Make your own cartoon character.

Unit II: Color Theory, Make a percect cropping of some images using Photoshop, Prepare a cut-out of some images using Photoshop, Place nice background for those images, Prepare nice background using gradient tool, Scan various images, Color adjustment of those images (PHOTO RETOUCHING).

Unit III: Make Nature scene (winter) digital painting, Make Nature scene (summer) digital painting, Make digital painting (Use brush, pencil, smudge etc), Make something like modern art keeping in mind color combination, Make a collage of Indian art and culture. Make a collage of wildlife animals, Make a portrait of celebrity (Digital painting).

Unit IV: Convert a B & W image into color (Use variation), “ Choose a theme (Music, Festivals, Sports, Dance) and Design 5-8 graphics on them.”, Color Modes, Color Corrections, Advanced color correction techniques (levels, Hue, Saturation etc), Design that Ad from your own style.

Unit V: Design motifs tribe art, Make an animal character, “Plan a story of that character & Make its backgrounds in three/four frames”, Make posters on nature/earth, Matte Painting- Composition, Creating images for the web: Exporting images from Photoshop.


  1. Adobe Creative Team, Adobe Photoshop CS5 Classroom in a Book, Adobe Press.
  2. Milk Wooldridge, Team Yourself Visually – Adobe Photoshop CS5, Wiley Publishing
  3. Steve Johnson, Adobe Photoshop CS5 Bible.
  4. Lisa Danae Dayley & Brad Dayley, Adobe Photoshop CS5 Bible.

PRACTICAL – IV: Graphics Design Lab

Animation exercise on following principles subject using sketching and Adobe Photoshop:

            Design a logo, brochure, covering letter, visiting cards

            Convert a B & W image into color

            Prepare a cutout of some images using Photoshop

            Place nice background for those images

            Prepare nice background using gradient tool

            Design Ad movie poster

            Photo retouching

            Make a portrait of celebrity (Digital painting)



Interference: 15 Hrs

Definition of coherent source, coherent conditions – Spatial and temporal coherence. Interference due to division of wave front, Young’s double slit experiment, Coherent sources, analytical treatment, theory of fringe width, path difference and Phase different, Fresnel’s biprism, Theory and experiment (determination of λ) Lloyd single mirror, interference by division of amplitude; Thin film of uniform thickness (Both reflected and transmitted), determination of radius of curvanture. Michelson’s interferometer. Types of fringes, determination of λ and dλ problems.

Diffraction: 09 Hrs

Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffractions, Fresnel’s assumptions, Rectilinear propagation of light, zone plate theory, comparison between zone plate and convex lens. Fraunhoer diffraction at a single slit (with derivation). Transmission grating theory and expenditure to determine wave length of light. Dispersion and resolution of a grating. Problems.

Polarization: 10 Hrs

Double refraction in a crystal. Principle of refractive indices. Huygen’s construction of O and E waves in uniaxial crystal for plane wave front. Huygen’s theory positive and negative crystals. Quarter wave plate and Half wave plate Babinets compensator. Production and detection of plane, circularly and elliptically polarized light optical activity: Fresnel’s Theory and optical activity, Lorentz half-shade Polari meter. Problems.

Optical Instruments: 08 Hrs

Cardinal points; Equivalent focal length of two thin convex lenses separated by a distance (derivation), tracing of cardinal points. Aberrations; Spherical and chromatic aberrations in lenses. Achromatic combination of lenses; in contact and separated by a distance. Power of lenses. Huygen’s and Ramsen’s eye pieces.

Lasers and fiber optics: 12 Hrs

Spontaneous emission, stimulated emission and stimulated absorption, condition for Laser action, types of lasers. Gas lasers (He-Ne), Semiconductor lasers (intrinsic and extrinsic). Holography principle of reconstruction of images.

Introduction, types of optical fibers, fibre bundles and cables, optical fibre properties, fibre materials, zero dispersion fibre, infra red fibers, applications of optical fibers, prospects for fibre optics communication, advantages of optical fibre communication.

Computational Physics: 10 Hrs

Character set, reserved words, identifiers, constants and variables. Data types, operators; arithmetic, relational, logical, assignment, incrementing, decrementing and conditional operators, arithmetic expressions, input and output (I/O) functions.

Control Statements; GO TO, I/F, IF-ELSE statements and switch. Looping statements; WHILE, DO- WHILE and FOR. BREAK & CONTINUE statements. Arrays; one dimensional and two dimensional arrays, character strings.

(Practice C-programming to calculate some physical quantities concerning interference, diffraction and polarization of light).

Reference Books:

  • A Text Book of Optics by Brijalal and Subramanyam.
  • Optics by Ajay Ghatak.
  • A Text Book of Optics by D.S. Mathur.
  • Modern Physics by Murugeshan.
  • Optics and Spectroscopy by R. Murugeshan.
  • College Physics by N. Sundarajan and others.
  • Lasers and Non-linear Optics by B.B. Laud.
  • Laser Experiments by Shirohi.
  • Programming in ANSIC by E. Balaguru Swamy.
  • Introduction to Computers and C by P.B. Kotur.
  • Computer Concepts and C-Programming by V.S. Wadi.

Laboratory course for BSc IV Semester (Physics)

Paper: Practical 4


  1. Two lab sessions (3 hours duration each) per week are to be conducted.
  2. Minimum of 16 experiments and 8 assignments from the list mentioned below should be performed in the semester IV.
  3. Result must be written with correct physical units in S1 system.
  4. A certified record book consisting of practical work must be produced in the practical examination for assessment.


  1. Inference at a wedge – Measurement of the thickness of paper separator.
  2. Determination of wavelength of monochromatic light using biprism.
  3. Newton’s rings – determination of radius of curvature and verification by telescope method.
  4. Determination of diameter of wire by diffraction.
  5. Diffraction grating – Normal incidence method.
  6. Determination of Cauchy’s constant by dispersive method.
  7. Brewster’s law.
  8. Resolving power of grating using spectrometer.
  9. Resolving power of telescope.
  10. Specific rotation of sugar solution using polarimeter.
  11. Searle’s Goniometer – Determination of equivalent focal length of combination of lenses for at least three separations and its verification.
  12. Liquid lens – Determination of refractive index of liquid.
  13. Measurement of numerical aperture of an optical fiber using Laser.
  14. Determination of mutual inductance of a pair of coils using BG.
  15. Refractive index of single/double prisms using laser.
  16. Grating constant using Laser.
  17. Determination of coefficient of damping, relaxation time and quality factor of a damped oscillator.
  18. Determination of wavelength of laser using grating (minimum deviation method).
  19. Verification of Newton’s formula by combination of lenses.
  20. C-program to calculate velocity of satellite.
  21. Sextant – height of an inaccessible object such as hill, tree etc.
  22. Assignment I.
  23. Assignment II.
  24. Assignment III.
  25. Assignment IV.
  26. Assignment V.
  27. Assignment VI.
  28. Assignment VII.
  29. Assignment VIII.
  30. Assignment IX.
  31. Assignment X.