BSc II Semester


Course content:                     Teaching of Prose, Poetry & Grammar

Text books prescribed:         Patterns of Contemporary Prose by Sujatha S.(Foundation)

Lessons prescribed:          6, 7, 8, 9 & 10 Distant Notes by D BOS Reddy & DT Angadi (NAP)

Poems prescribed:                 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10

Language Component:         English Grammar

  • Imperative, Assertive, Interrogative, Exclamatory
  • Simple, Complex and Compound
  • Time and Tense
  • Transformation of Sentences

Ref. Books: Modern English Grammar and Usage by N Krishnaswamy Active English Grammar (MacMillan)


Janapada Geetegalu Sampadakaru:     G.N. Mallappa, Prasarang, GUG

Karvalo (Kadambari)                                           Poornachandra Tejashwi

BSc 2.2 – Hindi

PS – 1       Gadyagatha

PS – 2       Communication Skill

PS – 3             Translation

BSc 2.3 – Extra Curricular Activities

As in paper 2.3 ‘Extra Curricular Activities (ECA)’ of B.Sc. IInd Semester.

BSc Chemistry



Alkali Metals: Comparative properties of group IA elements with respect to their physical properties-electronic configuration, Hardness and softness, melting point and boiling point, density, metallic character lionization energy, electropositive character, oxidation states, flame colouration, chemical properties-Reactivity of metals with respect to air, water, halogens, action of acids. Anomalous behaviour of lithium and diagonal relationship between lithium and magnesium, amalgamation alkaline earth metals: Comparative study of properties of group IIA elements with respect to their physical properties, electronic configuration, hardness, softness, densities, melting point and boiling point, metallic character, oxidation states, flame colouration, chemical properties, Reactivity of metals with air, water action of hydrogen, halogen, action of Beryllium and aluminium, amalgamation.


Ionic bond- introduction definition of ionic bond. Explanation of ionic bonding by taking an example of formation of NaCl,lattice energy, Born Habers cycle, formation of an ionic compound. Characteristic properties of ionic compounds. Factors controlling the formation of ionic substance.

Covalent bond- definition of covalent bond, explanation for the formation of covalent bond, by taking an example of formation of H2,F2,Cl2 molecules directional character and characteristic properties of covalent compound.


Alkenes, Dienes and Alkynes

Alkenes- Synthesis by dehydration of alcholos, dehydrohalogenation of alky halies, dehalogenator of vicinal dihalides, chemical reaction – addition of hydrogen, halogens, and hydrogen halides, Markownikoffs, rule peroxide effect with mechanism, saytzeffs rule

Dienes- lsolated,conjugated and cunnulated dienes. Method of synthesis of 1,3- butadiene, chemical properties- addition of halogens, hydrogen, polymerization, diels-Alder reaction.

Alkynes- Synthesis by dehydrohalogenation of vicinal dihalides, dehalogenation of tetra halides. Acidity of alkynes, chemical reactions of alkynes – addition of hydrogen, halogen acids and water. Formation of metal acety ides.

Arenes Aromatricity:

Aremes: Introduction, nomenclature of benzene derivatives, modern concept of structure of benzene including M.O.T Resonance energy, Mechanism of electrophilic substitution reaction of benzene-Nitration, Halogenation, subphonation and Friedle-Craft’s reaction.

Aromaticity- Definition, and criteria, Huckel rulewith examples.

Alkyl and ary halides:

Alkyl halides- Nomenclature, classification with example, Methods of formation. Mechanism of SN1 and SN2 reactions by taking hydrolysis of t-buty bromide and methyl bromide as examples. E1 and E2 reaction with mechanism

Aryl halides- Methods of formation, nucleophilic displacement reactions with NaOH, NH3 and KCN. Ulmann reaction Wurtz-fittig reations (C6H5Cl is taken as an example)



Revision of basic terms, first law of thermodynamics, statement definition of intermal energy and enthalpy, advantage of enthalpy over internal energy, internal energy and enthalpy as state functions, mathematical form of first law.


Calculation of work done in reversible isothermal and adiabatic expansion of ideal gas. Expression for reversible adiabatic expression of ideal gas- relation between P and T, P and V. Molar heat capacities of gases at constant volume and at consant pressure and relation between them. Joule Thomson effect, Joule Thomson co-effcient, inversion temperature.

Numerical problems

Chemical kinetics:

Revision of the concepts, the rate, order and molecularity of reation and Half life period. Second order reactions with examples. Derivation of specific rate constant of a second order reaction when a=b and a#b.

Methods of determination of order of a reaction – differential, half life and graphical method

Theory of reaction rates- qualitative treatment of collision theory of bimolecular reactions. Theory of unimolecular reactions (Lindmann’s hypoyphosis and steady state principle) an elementary account of transition state theory, activated complex its relation with thermodynamic

Function (————–)

Parallel reaction with examples, consecutive reactions with examples.

Numerical problems on second order reactions.

Nemst Distribution law:

Statement, conditions, modification of law when the solute undergoes association and dissociation in one of the solvent, Application of the law in the process of solvent extraction, advantage of multiple extractions.

Numerical problems.



Identification of an organic compound through nature of compound, physical constant, elemental analysis, functional group analysis and preparation of suitable derivatives.

Carboxylic acids:                     Benzoic acid, Cinnamic acid, Salicylic acid and Phthalic acid.

Phenols:                                      Phenol, Cresols, 1-Naphthol and 2- Naphthol

Aldehydes:                                  Benzaldehyde.

Ketones:                                       Ethylmethylketone, Acetophenone and Acetone

Esters:                                           Ethyl acetate

Hydrocarbon:                          Naphthalene, Diphenyl

Amine:                                         Aniline, Toluidines.

Nitro compounds:                   Nitrobenzene, m-Dinitrobenzene

Analides:                                      Acetanilide

Halogen compounds:            Chlorobenzene, Bromobenzene.


Calibration of fractional weights, Pipettes and burettes.

Preparation of standered  solutions, Dilution-0.2 Mto 0.001M solutions


Thermochemistry- to determine the solubility of benzoc at different temperatures and to determine ∆H of the dissolution process.

To determine the enthalpy of solution of solid calcium chloride and calculate the lattice energy of calcium chloride from its enthalph data using Born Hber cycle.

Note: only organic analysis is to be given for the examination

BSc Computer Science

UNIT I: Introduction to Experimental animation, Orientation into visual art form, Orientation into time and performing art form, Relevance of message and medium and a relationship, introduction to cut out animation.


UNIT II: The Basics of traditional 2D animation, Introduction to the Skill required thereof, Beginning life drawing, Use of simple shapes How to draw sketches with the help of basic shapes. Learning to draw lines, circle, ovals, scribbles, jag (random) patterns etc.



Background elements, trees, mountains, clouds, water bodies, meadows, perspective life drawing. Lights and shadows-day night scenes, layers (concept and implementation) layout design andstaging. An intro on how to make drawings for animation, shapes and forms, About 2D and 3D drawings, Caricaturing fundamentals, Exaggeration, Attitude, Silhouettes, Boundary breaking exercises and warm-ups.



Introduction to Adobe illustrator: Introduction to Adobe illustrator, work area and workspaces and tools, Opening files, importing art work, viewing art work, rules and grids, Drawing in illustrator, drawing lines and shapes, pencil tool, pen tool, editing drawing, tracing, symbols, colouring, applying colours, swatches, adjusting colour and colour settings.



Painting with illustrator, fills, strokes, brushes, transparency, blending, gradient, meshes and color blending. Selecting, transformation, scaling, grouping, reshaping,. Cutting, blending of object creating 3DObject, text and typing, special effects, filters, shadows, glow, feathering graphic styles.


  1. Robert Russett and Cecile Starr. Experimental animation: An illustrated anthology, Van Nostrand Reinhold inc., U.S
  2. Helen south, The Everything Drawing Book: From Basic Shapes To People and Animals, Adams Media.
  3. Richard Williams, The Animators Survival kit, Faber and Faber, London
  4. Adobe illustrator CS5 Bible by steve Johnson, Que 2010.
  5. Adobe illustrator CS5 Bible by Ted Alspach
  6. Nancy Smith, Melind kolk, Making Clay Animation. Tech Four Learnig, Incorporated

PRACTICAL – II Basic Animation Lab.

Hands-on practices to familiarize with Abode animation s/w

Draw simple line object with the help of shape tools in Adobe illustrator.

Create a scene of street with lines, shapes and object and pen tool.

Apply colour and gradient to above scene.

Import a drawing, trace it and apply colour filter and effect and export to various image formats.

Some advertisement for products, posters of social importance.

Working with Adobe illustrator

PRACTICAL – III: Anatomy Drawing Lab.

Animation exercises on the following principles using sketching and Adobe Illustrator shall be carried out:

            Walk cycle of Biped (human.)

            Walk cycle of Quadruped (animal)

            Squash and Stretch, Anticipation, Staging, Straight ahead and pose to pose, Follow through and    

            Overlapping action, slow in and slow out, Arcs, Secondary action, Timing, Exaggeration, Solid drawing, Appeal, Mass and weight, Character acting, Volume



Thermodynamics: 15 Hrs

The Zeroth law, internal energy, indicator diagrams for different thermodynamic changes, the first law and it’s applications, work done in isothermal and adiabatic changes, Carnot’s heat engine and expression for it’s efficiency (derivation), reversibility of Carnot cycle, principle of refrigerator; Second law of thermodynamics , Entropy. Definition, principle of Increase of entropy, concept of Absolute zero, third law of thermodynamics, Derivation of Clausis – Clapeyron’s and latent heat equation and its application to melting and boiling points. Problems.

Low temperatures: idea of low temperature, Andrew’s and Porous plug experiments, Principle of regenerative cooling liquid air, liquid Nitrogen and liquid Helium.

Waves and Oscillations: 15 Hrs

Progressive wave, equation for wave in one dimension, differential equation for motion, particle velocity and wave velocity, group velocity and phase velocity, energy of progressive wave. Problems.

Expression for stationery longitudinal vibrations in a rod, expression for harmonics in free-free rod and in fixed-fixed rod, vibration of stretched string, harmonics.

Electrical Measurements and Circuits: 18 Hrs

Measurements on CRO

Construction and working of cathode ray oscilloscope, Expression for electrostatic and magnetic deflection sensitivity, Measurement of voltage, current, frequency and phase of the signals using CRO. 

DC and AC circuits

D.C. Circuits: Growth and decay of current in RL circuit. Charging and discharging of voltage in C, RC and RLC circuit, frequency of oscillatory current. Problems.

A.C. Circuits: j-operation, AC circuit containing only R, L, C, RL, RC and RLC series and parallel circuits (using j-operation) and study of impedance, admittance, resonance curves. Q-factor. Measurement of L using Maxwell’s and Anderson’s AC bridges. Problems.

Theory of relativity:                                                                                                  16 Hrs

Introduction to General Theory of Relativity. Michelson Morley Experiment. Postulates of Special Theory of Relativity. Lorentz transformation equations. Length contraction, time dilation. Relativity of Simultaneity: Relativistic velocity transformation equations: Variation of mass with velocity, Einstein’s mass energy relation, Energy momentum relation concept of four vectors Minkowskis space. Effect of gravitational field on ray of light. Edington experiment. Problems.

Reference Books:

  • Electricity and magnetism by K. K. Tiwari.
  • Electricity and magnetism by Muruganeshwan.
  • Heat & Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics (XVIII-Edition) by Singhal, Agarwal & Satyaprakash.
  • Heat & Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics by Brijal and Subramanyam.
  • Heat & Thermodynamics (I-Edition) by D. S. Mathur.
  • A Treatise on Heat by Shaha and Srivatsava.
  • A Text Book of Heat by J. B. Rajam.
  • A Text Book of Sound (II-Edition) by Brijal, Subramanyam.
  • Text Book of Sound (I-Edition) by Khanna & Bedi, Text Book of Sound (I-Edition) by M. Ghosh.
  • Electricity and Magnetism by Brijal, Subramanyam.

Laboratory course for BSc II Semester (Physics)

Paper: Practical 2


  1. Two lab sessions (3 hours duration each) per week are to be conducted.
  2. Minimum of 16 experiments and 8 assignments from the list mentioned below should be performed in the semester II.
  3. Result must be written with correct physical units in S1 system.
  4. A certified record book consisting of practical work must be produced in the practical examination for assessment. 


  1. Helmholtz’s Resonator.
  2. Frequency of A.C. signal using Sonometer.
  3. Velocity of sound through the material of wire using Sonometer.
  4. Characteristics of Loud Speaker (Tweeter and Woofer).
  5. Determination of thermal conductivity of bad conductor by Lee’s method.
  6. Determination of Stefan’s constant.
  7. Verification of Stefan’s law.
  8. Newton’s law of cooling (Determination of Sp. heat of liquid).
  9. Characteristics of Microphone.
  10. J by electrical method with radiation correction.
  11. Velocity of sound using CRO and microphone.
  12. Thermal conductivity of good conductor by Searl’s method.
  13. LCR resonance circuits (series and parallel).
  14. High pass low pass filters (RC & RL).
  15. Emissivity of surface.
  16. Latent heat of stream.
  17. Ratio of specific heat by Clament and Desorm method.
  18. Verification of Stefen’s Boltzmann law.
  19. Frequency of electricity maintained tunning forks by Lissagous figures (using Meld’s apparatus).
  20. Laws of transverse vibration of stretched string using Meld’s apparatus (Sonometer).
  21. Assignment I.
  22. Assignment II.
  23. Assignment III.
  24. Assignment IV.
  25. Assignment V.
  26. Assignment VI.
  27. Assignment VII.
  28. Assignment VIII.
  29. Assignment IX.
  30. Assignment X.